He was so strong he could kill a lion with his bare hands. Heracles was very brave, but he was killed when he was tricked into putting on a poisoned robe.
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However, Zeus liked Heracles so much that he took him to Mount Olympus and made him immortal. Watch the video below to find out how another famous Greek hero, Perseus, killed a monster called Medusa.
Medusa was a Gorgon, she had venomous snakes instead of hair and she could turn people to stone just by looking at them. The Greeks believed that the dead went to the Underworld.
This was an underground kingdom ruled by the god Hades. To reach the Underworld, dead souls had to cross the River Styx. A grumpy ferryman called Charon would take them across, but only if they paid him. So Greeks would place a coin in the mouth of a dead person at funerals, to make sure they could pay the fare. After crossing the River Styx, three judges decided where the dead person should spend eternity. If they had been ok, they were sent to the Asphodel Meadows. But if they had been really bad, they ended up in Tartarus.
This was a really horrible pit where their soul was tortured for all eternity. What do we know about ancient Greek culture?
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- Delphi and the God Apollo.
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Poseidon took pity on Leto and led her to Delos, a floating island so, not technically the surface of the earth.
When you visit Delphi it helps to know about Apollo
Apollo and his twin sister, Artemis, goddess of the hunt and wild things, were born there. Later, Zeus anchored Delos to the seafloor, so it no longer wandered the seas. Not exactly. Though he is sometimes pictured with rays of the sun emanating from his head or driving the chariot of the sun across the sky, those attributes were actually borrowed from Helios, a Titan and an earlier, figure from Greece's pre-Hellenistic Archaic period. Over time, the two became blended, but Apollo, an Olympian, is more appropriately considered the god of light.
For all the sunshine of his creativity and good looks, Apollo also has a dark side, as the bringer of diseases and trouble, of plague and murderous arrows. And he has a jealous and short temper.
There are many stories about his bringing tragedy to his lovers and others. He was once challenged to a musical contest by a human named Marsyas. He eventually won—partly through trickery—but afterward, he had Marsyas flayed alive for daring to challenge him to a contest. Like his father Zeus, Apollo liked to put it about, as they say. Though he never married, he had dozens of lovers—humans and nymphs, girls, women, and boys. And being Apollo's lover did not often end happily.
Among his many flings:. Delphi, a few hours from Athens, is Apollo's most important site in Greece. The remains of one of his temples crown the site with columns.
But, in fact, most of the multi-acre site—crammed with "treasuries," shrines, statues, and a stadium—is dedicated to Apollo. It is the site of the "omphalos" or the navel of the world, where the Oracle of Apollo held court for all comers and sometimes issued puzzling prophecies. The Oracle once prophesied in the name of the Earth Goddess Gaia, but Apollo stole the oracle from her when he slew a dragon known as the Python.
Gods and Heroes of the Ancient World - Routledge
The importance of Delphi in the ancient world was being known as a place of guaranteed peace. A place where leaders from all over the known world—representatives of the Greek city-states, Cretans, Macedonians, and even Persians—could come together, even if they were warring elsewhere, to celebrate the Pythian Games, to make offerings thus the treasuries , and consult the Oracle.
And, before you leave, stop for refreshments on a terrace overlooking the valley between Mt. Parnassus and Mt. Giona, to gape at the Crissaean Plain. From the slopes of Parnassus, all the way down to the sea, the valley is filled with olive trees. Much more than a huge olive grove, this is known as the olive forest of the Crissaean Plain.
There are millions maybe billions of olive trees still producing Amfissa olives. They have been doing that for more than 3, years. It is the oldest olive forest in Greece and probably in the world. Apollo, in some places, replaced the earlier solar god, Helios. High mountain tops were sacred to Helios.
5c. Gods, Goddesses, and Heroes